January 4, 2018

What if life is just …

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — zankaon @ 2:40 pm

What if life is just a bus stop on an eternal road?


December 30, 2017

Drilling into Martian glacier – a simulation. Nature of the hydrogen bond

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — zankaon @ 1:36 pm

Several glaciers have been detected on the Martian surface. But they shouldn’t be there, since very low atmospheric pressure and vapor pressure. Hence the nature of the Martian rock ice must differ from earth ice. Surface appearance of the martian regolith and ice surface might be deceptively the same. How might one then distinguish the two?
One could perhaps land a lander within 150 miles of such glacier, and then use a jet powered drone to reach such glacier. One might further localize such glacier target by utilizing infrared camera of ~45 minute period of satellite to detect and follow a heated drone, and match it up with the infrared appearance of glacier; the latter having a different specific heat (and hence temperature) from surrounding regolith.

Once landed, one could drill into such martian rock ice, and compare it’s density to earth ice and rock. It should be greater than the former, and less than the latter.

Also one could use x-ray spectroscopy to detect a more rigid crystalline structure of such martian rock ice, as apposed to more amorphous earth ice. Such crystalline structure being more consistent with a shorter stronger hydrogen bond.

What basis might one have to explain such suposed unusual billion year old ice? That is, what is the nature of the hydrogen bonding for between water molecules of such martian glaciers?

Infrared absorption spectroscopy of such bond expected to be straight, shorten, not stretching, no librations, with negligible.vibration, even for higher catalytic martian temperature. Hence similar to covalent bonding? Might it even appear to have the strength and rigidity of hyrogen bonding in polymers, even though different connecting atoms?

water structure  M. Chaplin 

hydrogen bonding in water

water absorption spectrum

December 13, 2017

Shorter transit times for hot jupiters around red dwarf star?

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — Tags: , — zankaon @ 11:52 am

If a hot jupiter were in orbit about a red dwarf star, it’s period would have to be shorter (1 day vs 10?). Perhaps inside Corona distance? Thus the transit duration time (i.e. decreased luminosity via photometry) would be markedly shorter. Proof that red dwarfs can have planetary systems? Also would any long term stability of such close in orbit, lean against any coalescense?

Would the resolution and error limits be adequate for such task? Might one utilize absorption lines (infrared only) of the dwarf star as a measure of a finer resolution of any timing interuption of such lines, due to transit?

Some like it hot – Jupiter

twinkle, twinkle, little star

how i tug at what thou art

November 25, 2017

Declining simulated rotation curves for spiral galaxies?

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — zankaon @ 10:27 am

Might simulations of galaxie rotation curves indicate no necessity of dark matter; consistent with not gravitationally bound object? Hence consistent with dark matter, critical density, and gravitation not of importance in re-contraction of ‘universe’ scenario?

Perhaps small mirror (20 cm) confirmation of any spectral lines shifting? There might be no significant motion of such gas, assumed representive of entire arm’s motion, rather than just local motion. Especially so, if just angular inertia and circular orbit. Thus if no detected motion of lines, then not consistent with rotation velocities, nor association with any dark matter. Hence possible to construct models without dark matter (not even static DM) with no critical density, nor role for gravitation in a re-contraction scenario?

Declining rotation curves at z=2: A natural phenomenon in ΛCDM cosmology.  Adelheid F. Teklu, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Klaus Dolag, Alexander Arth, Andreas Burkert, Aura Obreja, Felix Schulze. 

November 19, 2017

Plant volatiles – a role in spontaneous combustion?

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — zankaon @ 10:46 am

Might the recent in part airborne initiation of spontaneous combustion, carry a catalytic factor? Might plant volatiles, such as oxidants, and/or sulphur containing volatiles, adsorb to airborne dust, inclusive of vineyard dust, as a carrier of such catalyst? Would this reduce the threshold for such spontaneous combustion?

Exterior metal mobile homes, and houses seemed to spontaneously combustion from within, even though lower temperature, and no embers, nor smoke. Would lowering temperature within houses, by maximizing air conditioning, and utilizing evaporative coolers to add humidity, affect such combustion threshold? For mobile homes, might spraying a fine water vapor inside, hence increasing humidity, have an effect? Is this just like a wooden match stick analogy?

Has the risk factor to cities, such as for california, changed for this unusual airborne initiated spontaneous combustion? Might it just be a qualitative/quanitative argument? That is, is there always such seasonal airborne volatile catalytic effect; but which only manifests itself when concentrations are sufficient?

Low temperature ignition of biomass

Plant volatiles

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0000910.pub3

Sulphur properties
Physical state Yellow crystalline solid or liquid

Melting point 110° – 121°C depending on its crystalline form

Auto-ignition temperature 190°C dust clouds

221°C dust layers

248° – 261° liquid sulphur

Flash point 168° -188°C

Vapour pressure Less than 0.0001 m, Hg (20°C)

Explosive limits of dust in air LEL about 35 g/m3

Solubility Insoluble in water

Specific gravity 1.92 – 2.07 depending on its crystalline form

Wet – slow generation of sulphuric acid

Reactivity Burns to form sulphur dioxide

May form explosive mixtures with powerful

oxidising chemicals such as chlorates and nitrates.

November 16, 2017

da Vinci workshop – prefrontal cortex

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — zankaon @ 10:12 am

Might just the prefrontal cortex be sufficient hardware? Hence accounting for the rest of neocortex seemingly underutilized? Might extensive connections to prefrontal cortex be consistent with such assessment? Is very little hardware/software required? Such as just smart phone simulation of most of our daily routines, habits?

Might then the emphasis, on broad evolutionary tree of life stage, be perhaps that of devising new software for such prefrontal hardware?

However is such prefrontal hardware/software far out on a twig of such virtual tree of life; susceptible to storms, internal and external – hence an experiment of nature?

Phylogenetically i.e. in evolutionary sense, is such homo sapien brain mass too powerful in proportion to body mass? That is, dinosaurs survived for ~150 million years with small brain to body mass. 

So does such powerful brain require internalization of culture to shield itself from the harshness of our own nature, individually and collectively? Just as external culture shields us from the harshness of nature.

Blow, blow thou winter winds,

Thou art not so unkind as man’s ingratitude …  ws

Might the functional networking of prefrontal cortex dendritic play itself, with just a logistic role (such as mitochrondria,  neuro- transmitters) for body of neuron, be preeminent?

Also, in selective evolutionary sense, might external social supportive networking (bureaucratic, extended family, peer group etc.) represent the brain’s attempt (i.e. as if) to further stabilize functioning of such too (?) powerful instrument; an engine too powerful for the vehicle?

​da Vinci

September 30, 2017

Angular kinetic energy – significant contribution to energy momentum tensor?

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — zankaon @ 5:55 pm

For our Jupiter, should not significant angular kinetic energy KE=1/2 Iω^2  (for I=mr^2) for rigid object, also be included in energy component of energy momentum tensor? Could one also include differential rotation for interior layers  i.e. I = ∑ m_i  r_i ^2  ? What effect might it have on value of Ricci tensor i.e. curvature?

For both a hot jupiter, and it’s differential rotating star, what effect might it have on Ricci tensor i.e. close in curvature description, such as for hot jupiter at distance to corona of our star?

Consistent with angular kinetic energy being a significant contributor (percentage?) to overall energy component of energy momentum tensor, would be the significance of angular momentum associated with Young stellar objects (YSO). Hence the significant contribution of angular momentum kinetic energy to total energy of gas clouds – the origin of YSOs?

August 16, 2017

Stellar systems and also our galaxie – just gravitationally bound?

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — zankaon @ 4:40 pm

Copernicus’, Kepler’s, Newton’s, and Einstein’s General Relativity respective models – all describe a bound Solar System, eventually rendered as gravitationally bound by Newton, and interpreted as curvature by Einstein. Would this always seem necessary, and sufficient?

The following list of vignettes, assuming negligble gravitational field, develop the concept of angular inertia, in turn derived from angular momentum transfer, such as for Oort cloud formation, and for any outlying neutrino belt formation; and perhaps heuristicly even for our galaxie?

Earth as a solid sphere rotation, with no contribution to conservation of angular momentum from interior? Angular momentum exchange for closed systems. Angular inertia for Oort cloud, and even for our galaxie?

Modeling and gravitational potential tappering? Angular inertia for Oort cloud?

Calculations and gravitational potential tappering – a problem? Angular inertia? Motion for our Sun, as part of a binary system? Parallax resolution?

Comet 67P – a 3-body problem? Model for hot jupiter re-location? Ice. Neutrino belt? Gravitational interactions, or angular momentum transfer, with resultant angular inertia? Cryo-chemistry. Titan’s chemistry?

Planetesimal of comet material at Lagrange Point of overlaping ‘Oort’ clouds?

Oort Cloud – not gravitationally bound? Hence angular inertia describing outer extent of stellar systems?

July 20, 2017

Earth as a solid sphere rotation, with no contribution to conservation of angular momentum from interior? Angular momentum exchange for closed systems. Angular inertia for Oort cloud, and even for our galaxie?

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — Tags: , , — zankaon @ 3:39 pm

Since the Moon is still receding, then an increasing moment of inertia mr^2, and lesser angular orbital velocity. And for earth, an associated slowing angular velocity, and hence in angular momentum; with concomitant momentum exchange with Moon. So can one consider not only conservation of angular momentum, but also angular momentum exchange, for variously considered closed systems?

For a closed system, one can have exchange of angular momentum. Did the solid earth core form comparatively early, by ~100 million years? If so, then there would be a shift (decrease) of mr^2 moment of inertia i.e. mass re-distribution to a lesser radius. Would this then account for a compensatory increase in moment of inertia (i.e. increase in orbit radius) for the moon? Might the moon`s present increase in orbit radius, in part be due to an increase in momentum of inertia, somewhat (?) relating to solidifying inner core, and/or ongoing transfer of momentum, from associated slowing of earth’s rotation?

Might even the Moon not be gravitationally bound; rather does the Moon’s essentially circular orbit just reflect it’s angular inertia, from such angular momentum transfer? Not unlike our artificial satelites?

What is the gravitational potential, and calculated Ricci tensor (i.e. curvature) magnitude at Moon’s radial distance?

For early on, did one also have some increase in angular velocity for earth, consistent with core formation and conservation of angular momentum for earth? Was there also any significant angular momentum transfer to the sun (similar for Mercury, Venus?), associated with such decrease in angular momentum for earth?

Also might there be adjustments to our system’s planets due to transfer of angular momentum between planets and other objects, involving spin (rotation rate) and orbit angular momentum transfer? Hence rationalization for a broader perspective (i.e. entanglement) of past and ongoing angular momentum re-distribution for our solar system, inclusive also of KBO objects, Oort cloud, any ejected planets or nacent cores, and even for neutrino belt formation?

For example, did Oort cloud objects form closer in, and then via angular momentum exchange with KBO objects, recide i.e. increasing momentum of inertia? Might this be consistent with slower rotation for large KBO objects such as Pluto, Sedna (?)  etc. i.e. spin orbital angular momentum transfer?

Also rather than a spherical symmetrical Oort cloud, might such distribution of objects be closer to solar plane, even if not gravitationally bound? Might there also be a relevent analogy to suggested galaxie spiral arm formation? That is, via angular momentum transfer, and alleged resultant angular inertia, might one have (nascent?) formation of spiral arms for Oort cloud? Probably not infrared visible, due to distant infrared confluence effect?

Would gravitational field (calculated?) be insufficient to account for circular (?) orbiting of Oort cloud objects? Thus is transfer of angular momentum not only involved with migration of KBO objects outward, but also essentially alone is such angular momentum transfer responsible for circular orbital motion of Oort cloud objects? Likewise for surmised circular orbit of neutrino belt?

Such orbital motion, in absence of gravitational field, and hence no central force, would not follow Kepler`s Laws. Thus such considered circular orbital motion would have invariant magnitude – hence the designation of such motion as angular inertia. That is, the angular velocity axial vector ω=v_t/r , remains invariant; in contrast to an eliptical locus of positions.

So does angular inertia alone describe such objects in circular orbit? Hence obviating tapering gravitational potential model? Also then would the outer extent of our solar system (and all stellar systems?) seem to be defined by angular inertia (from angular momentum transfer) in a flat 3-space, and not by curvature i.e. gravitation? Also see tapering gravitation potential model vignettes for further discussion.

Rheologically, the earth seems quiet in regards to differential rotational motion? Such as for core – mantle interface, wherein deep plumes seem to be fixed. Also the solid core has perhaps just slight rotation. The asthenosphere (upper mantle) apparently has some flow; always in step with lithospheric plate motion? Still insufficient to contribute to any decrease in angular velocity and momentum? Thus must one consider other possible contributions to angular momentum, and momentum exchange, if earth is considered as essentially a solid rotating sphere?

Might there have been more than one planetesimal collisions with proto-earth? However might there not be any isotope compositional differences, since all such objects in close orbits, and hence a shared solar nebula environment?

Mercury has a strong magnetic field, and hence fluid interior. Yet Mercury has essentially no precession. Might this be consistent with no planetesimal collision, contributing to any hypothetical precession?

While for earth, precession of the equinoxes, and resultant changing polar star, gives only one periodicity i.e. one frequency. This would seem consistent with only one collision, with resultant external torque changing the angular momentum vector. Whereas multiple planetesimal collisions with earth would seem to give multiple periodicities.

Since earth`s rotation is slowing down currently, then consistent with angular momentum exchange with the moon; and also with the sun to lesser extent? That is, also increasing angular velocity, and hence angular momentum of our star?

Might any preferential angular momentum transfer for 2-body vs 3-body be modeled as a Venn diagram, with 2-body entanglement considered in context of a larger 3-body entanglement scenario, with an inner sub-system depiction having preference i.e. starting from simpler smaller closed sub-system consideration? So is angular momentum transfer not based on distance, but rather on simplicity of sub-system vs concomitant larger system?

For example, since earth and moon revolve about a center of mass (near to inner core boundary?), might any slowing of such motion result in a transfer of angular momentum from such 2-body sub-system to an overall concomitant 3-body system?

Analogously, if one has observed parallax for the sun, then this would be consistent with our sun revolving about a center of mass for a binary system, such as also inclusive of a nearby red dwarf. Then any change in such tight close in sun’s orbital motion, or in it’s spin rate, could result in angular momentum transfer, wherein the moment of inertia of such red dwarf could change i.e. becoming further distant, for such closed binary system. Such red dwarf could still be bound to solar system via angular inertia, and hence circular orbit, even if gravitational potential is negligible; hence such binary red dwarf would be bound, but not gravitationally. Also could one have tidal locking for such dwarf star?

Likewise might Proxima centauri’s extremely large radius circular (?) orbit, as part of a triple system, be non-gravitationally bound? That is via angular momentum transfer, might such Proxima centauri be bound in it’s triple system just by angular inertia?

Also if tidal locking is possible for a dwarf star, then might Proxima centuari be in tidal locking; not just for photosphere outer surface gaseous layer, but also for internal layers with differential rotation?

Assuming earlier faster rotation, one would seem to have momentum transfer for Mercury, which is in 3:2 resonance with the sun i.e. 2 rotations per 3 orbits; and also for Venus, with tidal lock i.e. one rotation per revolution.

Might hot Jupiter, although supposedly in long duration stable orbit close to it’s star, still have further dynamics? That is, might there have also been transfer of angular momentum from hot Jupiter to it’s star? Thus has the rotation rate (angular velocity) of a hot Jupiter slowed down, with consequential increased angular velocity and momentum of it’s star? Hence might one predict tidal locking (one rotation per revolution) for such hot Jupiter?

Also might the orbit of such hot jupiter be circular; the latter consistent with just angular inertia accounting for orbit binding? Might the apparent long term stability of such close in hot jupiter’s orbit suggest a role for orbit/spin angular momentum transfer, and resultant final circularizing of orbit, denoted as angular inertia; together with tidal locking – both stabilizing boundedness for such hot jupiter’s orbit? Might tidal locking lessen any wobbling tendency, and prevent any possible chaotic orbitng?

So might tidal locking, as well as circularizing orbits, be considered as manifestation of such angular momentum transfer, and in fact end points for such angular momentum exchange and resultant stable angular inertia?

Thus although such exo-planet orbits might be considered as long term gravitationally stable, still in terms of angular momentum, might such exosystems be considered as active as our solar system, in regards to angular momentum exchange in essentially closed systems?

Might such scenario of angular momentum exchange for closed 2 body (and more) systems be considered as examples of entanglement, wherein the system as a whole has to be considered in order to fully explain observations? So attention to conservation of angular momentum, as well as exchange of angular momentum can be considered in concomitant descriptions.

Thus is our solar system still very active, in sense of angular momentum transfer, such as for any ongoing Oort cloud formation from outward migrating KBO objects, associated with decreased spin (rotation) for larger KBO objects? Likewise for any distant orbiting neutrino belt? Based on angular inertia concept, would one expect a circular orbit for both Oort cloud objects, and for neutrino belt?

Then would the outer extent of our solar (stellar) system not seem to be described by gravitationally bound Oort cloud objects, nor by gravitationally bound neutrino belt, but rather by angular inertia of such circular orbiting objects in a flat 3-space; the latter part of inter-stellar flat 3-space? Not unlike for Proxima centauri’s circular orbit, a non-gravitationally bound object, as denoted by angular inertia?

Nevertheless, Pluto (slow (?) rotating KBO object) has an elliptical orbit, consistent with Keplers laws and central force; hence a Newtonian description would still seem valid in flat 3-space, far out for our stellar system.

If our Sun revolve in our galaxy over ~240 Myrs, and reside at a radius of ~26-30 klyrs, what is the gravitational potential at Sun’s radial distance from center of galaxy? One might assume Newton’s 2nd Theorem, and consider all of galaxie’s luminous and Dark matter (?) as a central point mass. Then might one consider a scenario wherein such potential is negligible at Sun’s distance?

Alternatively, might the Sun’s circular (?) revolution (tracing spiral mass?) about our galaxie be described as angular inertia, resulting perhaps from angular momentum transfer within our galaxie? Also once such spiral mass is set in angular inertia, then no necessity for further maintenance of such spiral motion. So is our galaxie not a gravitationally bound object?

Might then the angular inertia concept apply to physical massive galactic spiral arm(s); once (if?) set in slow motion, continuing such angular inertia? Wherein most stars are formed in such density wave arm; while do others slowly enter or leave such density wave arms? Might differential rotation (for different galactic radii) result in overall more static-like spiral pattern; without any necessity of angular momentum transfer?

In contrast, is gravitational potential, and/or Newtonian descripion, just for solar system scale? However does apparrent gravitational lensing, Einstein cross of multiple images of one quasar, dwarf galaxies’ (motion?) and Magellanic streaming for our Local Group – all suggest cluster scale gravitational effect? As an alternative, might interaction, such as reverberation, of light with matter, result in multiple images of an object? Such as ‘sun dogs’ images from ice crystal reflection?

Might angular momentum transfer, if originating from bar and/or bulge, and/or angular inertia of massive spiral densities, play a greater role than realized for our galaxie’s ‘dynamics’ ; describing our galaxie as not a gravitationally bound entity? 

Might simulations of galaxie rotation curves indicate no necessity of dark matter (1) ; consistent with not gravitationally bound? Hence consistent with dark matter, critical density, and gravitation not of importance in re-contraction of ‘universe’ scenario?

Also might not only influx through magnetic pole (and any associated jetting) affect stability and binary compact object coalescence, but also might any ongoing transfer of spin/orbit angular momentum retard or prevent coalescence of compact binary objects?

For example, might one have resultant circularizing of such binary orbiting, and even tidal locking (?); hence stabilizing such orbiting – not unlike apparent stabilized hot jupiter orbit? Might any tidal locking reduce any wobbling tendency, and possible chaotic orbiting; hence contributing to stabilizing circular orbiting?

So does angular momentum transfer, and angular inertia, play a larger role than recognized, as in various above considered examples of closed systems?

also see zankaon site, Modified black hole page, Entanglement and Coalescense sections.

(1) Declining rotation curves at z=2: A natural phenomenon in ΛCDM cosmology.   Adelheid F. Teklu, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Klaus Dolag, Alexander Arth, Andreas Burkert, Aura Obreja, Felix Schulze.

July 15, 2017

Power plants running on aluminum cans?

Filed under: Letters from Ionia — Tags: — zankaon @ 4:34 pm

Soda (aluminum) cans would seem to be an almost unlimited renewable resource. That is, one could recycle such left over cans – burning such aluminum in power plants, at a temperature perhaps not so different from coal burning. Less polutants than coal? Also there is an almost unlimited supply of bauxite ore, giving aluminum. If aluminum is good enough for rocket fuel, then why not for power plants?

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