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August 25, 2015

Magnetic monopole accumulations? Modified Maxwell’s equations and any observable effects?

Recently at low temperature, magnetic monopoles have been simulated in a Bose-Einstein condensate (1). Therefore since most of universe is cold, might there be copious magnetic monopoles out there? Also for such extreme, but typical, low temperature environs, wouldn’t a modification of Maxwell’s equations be more evident (i.e. magnetic charge density and magnetic current?)(2); but perhaps just observed effects if number density of monopoles were increased for nearby detector in such cold environs? Might a Bose-Einstein condensate, or superconductor, serve as a detector onboard a satellite?

Might magnetic monopoles accumulate in centers of strong magnetic fields, such as for sun, Jupiter; that is, if still descriptive at higher temperatures? More specifically, would monopoles be attracted to, and drawn into, respective magnetic poles of stars, gas giants, terrestrials, dark stars i.e. BHs, and accumulate at the center, since repulsed by other pole?

Also if magnetic monopoles have mass, then a magnetic moment, and affected by magnetic fields in general. Would a massive magnetic monopole necessitate a scalar quantum description -first quantization only, and not a quantum scalar field? Also if massive magnetic monopoles, then infall into gravitational potential wells.

In a cold regime, such as Plutonic, Saturnian, or Jovian environment, might there be separation of charge; that is wherein charges accumulate at respective magnetic monopoles? This could be on cold moon surfaces or at atmospheric heights; but not in warmer planet nor moon interiors.

Might such capacitance increase, and resultant eventual discharge i.e. current, already been seen? Perhaps as unexplained space lightning outside space station, or observed lightning high up in jovian atmosphere?

1. Observation of Dirac monopoles in a synthetic magnetic field

M. W. Ray, E. Ruokokoski, S. Kandel, M. Möttönen, D. S. Hall, Nature 505, 657–660 (30 January 2014) doi:10.1038/nature12954

2.  Magnetic_monopole

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